Saturday, April 12, 2014

History of Haj

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and it was enjoined by Allaah on the Muslims to be performed once during one's lifetime. This pillar is observed during the month of Thul-Hijjah.
Building and Purifying the Ka`bah:
Allaah, the Exalted, enjoined His Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention, to rebuild the Ka`bah. So the Prophet Ibraaheem and his son Ismaa`eel, may Allaah exalt their mention, rebuilt it in order to be a safe and secure haven for the monotheists. Allaah also enjoined the Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention, to clear Allaah's Sacred House from any impurity, destroy all idols, and eliminate all innovations and deviations in religion so that it would be ritually pure and clean for the believers.
Proclamation of Hajj:
After the Ka`bah was completely built and purified, Allaah enjoined the Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention, to proclaim Hajj to all mankind and call them to visit the Sacred House. The Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention, complied with Allaah's command and called people to perform Hajj. Allaah says (what means):
"And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj)."  [Quran 22:27]     
Allaah inspired the believers to respond to the call of Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah exalt his mention, saying "Labbayk Allaahuma Labbayk" (In response to Your call, O Allaah here I come)!. The believers went to the Sacred House of Allaah on foot and some were riding their camels which were starved and weakened because of the long journeys. Until today, people still travel to Makkah to perform Hajj using various means of transportation.
Allaah enjoined only the Muslims who are financially and physically able to perform Hajj.
Allaah says (what means):
"And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka'bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision, and residence)."  [Quran 3:97]
During the time of Hajj, Muslims from all over the world gather at the same time and place to perform Hajj rituals, supplicate Allaah, and ask Him for forgiveness. At the same time they come to know each other and the differences between them, such as economic conditions, gender, color, and language, are all disregarded. Hajj that is properly performed has a great reward. The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said:  "Properly performed Hajj will receive no reward other than Paradise". (Ahmad)
Building and Purifying the Ka`bah: